The battles of late 1918 were disastrous for Germany and its allies. On October 30, 1918, the Allies signed the Mudros Armistice with the Ottoman Empire. In Western Europe, Germany, France, the United States and the British Empire, including Australia, signed the ceasefire of November 11, 1918. Negotiations with Germany and the Ottoman Empire were most directly affected by Australian troops. Similar negotiations resulted in a ceasefire with both Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria. On November 11, 1918, after more than four years of terrible fighting and the loss of millions of lives, weapons fell silent on the Western Front. Although fighting continued elsewhere, the ceasefire between Germany and the Allies was the first step towards the end of the First World War. The overall reaction was a mixed feeling: relief, celebration, disbelief and a deep sense of loss. The German delegation, on the left, when it arrived to sign the armistice that temporarily ended the First World War on 11 November 1918 in a dining car.
. The ceasefire was signed at 5:12 a.m. on November 11.m. Although it was agreed that the ceasefire would stagnate by 11,000 .m the 11th day of the 11th month for reasons of order. It is estimated that in the last six hours of the fighting, an additional 2,700,38 men were killed, unnecessarily. The last person to be killed, a Canadian soldier, was shot dead by a German sniper just minutes before the end of the fighting. The very terms, written largely by Foch, included the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German troops behind the Rhine, the Allied occupation of the Rhineland and the bridgeheads further east, the preservation of infrastructure, the surrender of aircraft, warships and military equipment, the release of Allied prisoners of war and interned civilians. , possible reparations, no release of German prisoners and no easing of the German maritime blockade. Although the ceasefire ended the fighting on the Western Front, it had to be extended three times until the Treaty of Versailles, signed on 28 June 1919, on 10 January 1920, came into force.
The British victory in the Battle of Megiddo in September 1918 marked the end of the Palestinian campaign. The Ottoman Empire reacted to this defeat and understood that the war could no longer be won. Grand-Guantir Talaat Pasha encouraged the ruling party to resign. Until 5 November, the Allies agreed to meet with the German delegations. The next day, Matthias Erzberger, the German Secretary of State, visited France. On November 8, he arrived in Compiégne and received conditions from Foch. There was no room for negotiations. Despite the call for an immediate cessation of hostilities, Foch made it clear that the war would continue until Germany accepted the terms of the ceasefire. In 1915, the Allies tried to break the deadlock with an amphibious invasion of Turkey, which had joined the central powers in October 1914, but after a severe bloodshed, the Allies were forced to withdraw in early 1916.